Weight in Adolescence: Esophageal Cancer and Gastric Cancer
A recent study published in Cancer had physicians in Israel follow 1 million Israeli men for up to 40 years to determine how certain health and lifestyle factors from their adolescence affected their risk of gastro-esophageal cancer later in life. The results showed that teenage life can have a big impact on cancer outcomes. The researchers found that for adolescents who were overweight, with a BMI in the 85thpercentile or higher, risk of esophageal cancer was 2.1 times higher. The researchers noted that previous research has shown higher cancer incidence in overweight adults, and this suggests the correlation extends into adolescence.
The researchers also found that teens from lower socioeconomic classes and those who had little schooling had a heightened risk of these types of cancers.
Alcohol: Breast, Colon, Liver, Esophageal Cancer Risks
Alcoholic beverages were listed as a known human carcinogen by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services in 1997, and numerous studies on a variety of cancers have shown an alcohol-cancer link. A new study, published in the April 2013 issue of the American Journal of Public Health, finds an even stronger link between cancer and alcohol deaths. Researchers from the Boston University schools of Medicine and Public Health found that alcohol resulted in about 20,000 cancer deaths in 2009, accounting for about 3.5 percent of all cancer deaths in the United States that year.
The researchers also found that each alcohol-related cancer death accounted for an average of 18 years of potential life lost in those who died. The new data serves as a reminder that alcohol is a carcinogen, even when consumed in moderate quantities. According to the data analysis in the study, average consumption of 1.5 drinks per day or less accounted for 30 percent of all alcohol-attributable cancer deaths. The strongest links between alcohol and cancer deaths were to breast cancer, esophageal cancer, colorectal cancers, and liver cancer.